The Serama breed originated in Malaysia and is the result of the selective cross breeding of many breeds of chickens. Their chesty, regal and confident beauty is a joy to behold and they have been described as the Arnold Schwarzenegger and Dolly Parton of the Bantam chicken kingdom.
The Serama is the smallest Bantam chicken in the world and they are highly prized as living works of art. The weight of Class A Serama cocks is under 10 ounces and Class A Serama hens are under 8 ounces. Serama cocks, when standing upright, measure from the ground to the top of the comb only 6 to 10 inches. They come in size A, B, C & D. There is even a Micro Serama now. These tiny birds suffer breeding problems the smaller they are bred, so the B & C sizes are most popular.
The Serama can be a beautiful pet and companion, both indoors and outdoors. They are inexpensive to raise, as each Serama eats only about one pound of feed per month. They eat regular chicken feed, a 50/50 mixture of game bird breeder feed and chicken crumbles.Their tiny size requires very little space and a pair or trio of Seramas can be comfortably caged in a 24 inch by 18 inch cage. They make great mommas, laying, hatching and taking care of their own chicks. What other indoor bird will provide breakfast every day?
Tiny Serama should never be outside unless they are safe from predators such as dogs, cat and birds of prey. They will usually alert you when an unfamiliar animal or object is sighted and are safe on their own as long as you can hear their calls for help. They make great companions while gardening and enjoying the mornings/evenings on the porch. Their regal appearance and natural beauty is a great addition to any garden or home.
Serama are usually people friendly and with a little attention will actually crave human attention and company.
Serama come from the jungles of Malaysia, where temperatures can average 90 -110 deg.F. They cannot handle cold well and get stressed when temperatures drop below freezing. You may have to keep them indoors in very cold climates.
Serama come in all colors and do not necessarily breed true to any one color. Over 2000 different color variations have been documented in Malaysia.
Here is a LINK to more great info on Serama.
The following video will give you a glimpse of some nice Serama.
STANDARD OF PERFECTION
The Malaysian serama first arrived in North America, September 2001. It’s ancestry, although not fully documented is believed to date as far back as the 1600′s and is associated with the Thai King, Sri Ama. The modern day Serama was created by Wee Yean Een, beginning in the 1970′s by using Ayam Kapans which gave them their very light weight. He then introduced other bantam breed genes into the mix, eventually arriving at our present day birds.
WEIGHTS BY CLASS FOR MATURE ADULTS
MALE ————————————- FEMALE
Class A – up to 300 grams——–up to 275 grams
Class B – up to 400 grams——–up to 375 grams
Class C – up to 500 grams——–up to 475 grams
Cockerels and pullets (birds under a year old), same as the Class ‘B’ Weights
Size is not everything. First and foremost a Serama must have good type. This means a proud pouty chest, a high tail, a very short back and a ‘V’ shaped profile and wings that point near vertical downwards when alert to attention. Without type you just have a small bantam and not a serama.
It is worth noting that the smallest birds are very unreliable as breeding birds. Hens under 250 grams often do not produce viable eggs and cock birds likewise are not as reliable, fertility wise ,when under 300 grams. Class B birds often make the best breeding birds, producing A, B and the odd C. Having said all this, the Class A birds are what we all tend to prefer! They are a very tiny breed and have a real ‘wow’ factor in the smaller sizes.
General Characteristics: MALE
CARRIAGE & TEMPERAMENT : Assertive with a confident bold stance, yet certain and managable. Should be easily handled and show no aggression. The bird should pose readily and when viewed from the side should create a vase like or wide “V” shape.
TYPE: Body well muscled with breast carried high, full and well forward. From above the shape is somewhat elliptical, tapering towards the tail. The back should be very short and covered by abundant hackle covering both the shoulders and secondaries and flowing into the tail coverts giving the base of tail a full appearance. Tail should be carried high and upright at a 90-degree angle, parallel to the neck and should be large and full, Main tail feathers should be long and broad and should over lap. The tail should open and when viewed from behind should be open to an angle of 45 degrees creating an open “A” shape. Sickles are slightly curved and protrude beyond the main tail. Side hangers and tail coverts should be broad, plentyful and well curved.
WINGS: Fairly large in proportion to the body they should be held in a verticle position, just covering the floor and leaving the feet partially visable. Shoulders should be set high on the bird, Primaries are long, of medium width, with secondaries moderately long and broad.
HEAD: Head to be small and carried well back. The single comb is small to medium in size with five serrations preferred though more are allowed, It should be straight, smooth, free of folds or any deformities and tending towards flyaway type. Wattles are to complement the comb, smaller being preferred and free from folds and wrinkles.
LEGS AND FEET: The legs are of medium length, straight and set wide apart to allow for a full and muscular body. They should be strong and stable. Thighs should be medium length and well muscled with shanks of good thickness.
PLUMAGE: All feathers should be in good condition with a lustrous sheen, body feathers to be full and profuse,
COLOR: Male and Female: the principal colors seen are, white, black (with blue or green sheen), buff, red, partridge, wheaten, blue, chocolate, mottled, barred/cuckoo, spangled and duckwing, but none to be penalised. Comb, face and wattles, bright red, though darker is acceptable in the darker colors. Eyes clear and bright with any color being acceptable. Any color legs/shanks are acceptable.
GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS: FEMALE
The general characteristics are similar to those of the male, allowing for the natural sexual differences.
Drawing by Sigrid vanDort
Lack of attitude, nervousness or shyness, sqatting, pecking at handler, flying off show table,
long back, low tail carriage, wry tail, cow hocks, duck feet, legs too short or too tall. Comb other than single, Any general defects. Weight exceeding the upper limit.
SILKIED, FRIZZLE, BOOTED SERAMA
Silkied, frizzle, booted Serama are acceptable. However they should display a high and upright tail, wide as in the smooth feathered. The comb should be moderate in size as in smooth feathered and not large as in the Japanese.
SCALE OF POINTS
TAIL CARRIAGE ————- 15
WING CARRIAGE ————– 10
FEATHER QUALITY ———– 10
The Traditional Serama is bred primarily for table top competition at stand alone shows, unless welcomed at other venues.
A Fourth Weight Catagory, Class D, Cocks up 550 grams and Hens up to 500 grams will be allowed through 2014 as downsizing continues.
This info is from the World Serama Federation.