Sultan Chickens

Sultan Chickens

We have two Sultan hens here in WV. One is a Sultan Bantam and about 1/3 smaller than our standard Sultan. The big hen lays about 4 medium sized white eggs a week for us so far.

We have ordered 6 fertile Sultan eggs for our incubator and they should be arriving any day now. The girls really need a Sultan rooster to hang out with, and since we couldn’t find one, we are gonna grow our own.

The Sultan Chicken

The Sultan is a breed of chicken that originated in Turkey. There they were called “Fowls of the Sultan“. They were used as decorative birds for the Sultan‘s lawns and gardens. They have always been mostly an ornamental breed, as they don’t lay a lot and don’t seem to go broody very often. Now-a-days they are bred mostly for competitive showing and for their uniqueness. They are still a rather rare breed and you won’t see them everyday.

Sultans came to the US in 1867.

Sultans were first exported from their native country in 1854, when a Ms. Elizabeth Watts of Hampstead, London brought a small flock to Britain. They were brought to North America by 1867, and Sultans were recognized officially as a breed by acceptance into the American Poultry Association’s Standard of Perfection in 1874.

Sultans have very decorative plumage, that includes large, puffy crests, beards, long tails, and profuse foot feathering. Their small, V-shaped or horn like combs are almost entirely hidden under their crest feathering. Sultans are also one of the few breeds to have five toes on each foot. Roosters will weigh approximately 6 pounds and hens about 4 pounds, as they are a relatively small standard breed of chicken. There is also a bantam version which is quite small.

Sultans can appear in three different varieties, including Black, Blue, and White. White is the most well known, and I’ve never even seen a picture of Black or Blue, but I’d sure like to. Sultans are quite docile, friendly chickens and are content with being kept in pens or cages. They need to be raised in dry bedding in order to protect their elaborate feathering, especially the long feathers on their feet. Sultans are quite shy and easily bullied if kept in flocks with more active breeds. Ours like to hang out with our little Silkie hen and roo.

As Sultans were developed in a warm climate, they don’t do well in colder temps. We keep a heat lamp on for our girls and even bring them in the house when it’s really cold. They love being house birds a little too much though, and every time the door opens, they are there waiting to come in. The plus to having a Sultan as a house chicken is that they give you an egg for breakfast several times a week. Let’s see your dog or cat do that.

Below is a video of our little Standard size Sultan doing a little head-banging to the chicken dance song.

Photo of Standard size Sultan hen.

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4 Responses to “Sultan Chickens”

  1. Jan C. says:

    My Grandson a few years ago got peeps for Easter. One turned out to be a very rare Russian Sultan Rooster. He has multiple ‘horns’ on his head that were hard and bony. I contacted the University and was told by the Dept of Ag that this is what he was. If you would like to see a photo, I can show it to you.
    Jan C.

  2. chansenAdmin says:

    I’d love to see it.

  3. Jan C. says:

    Tell me how to send the photo. I don’t know how.
    The Dr. at the University contacted me later, asking if we still had the rooster.
    We did. She told us how to take care of it. She was concerned about him. She said as he got older, he would develop more “horns” on his head.

  4. Linda k says:

    Dose any one have close up pics of sultan chicks feet? Iv just hatched five and want to check all is normal. One chicks feet look a little different from th rest still has five toes but is getting about better than the rest. Help much appreciated .

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