Poultry Health Tips – Prevention & Treatments

Poultry Health Tips – Prevention & Treatments

Disease Affects
Primarily
Cause Signs
& Lesions
Prevention
(P) & Treatments (T)
Abnormal
Egg Shells
Chickens Improper
nutrition, disease, physical condition of hen.
Soft
egg, cracked eggs.
P-make
sure laying hens are free from disease & feed a laying mash. Give
oyster shells to hens. T-proper nutrition to hens.
Air
Sac Disease
(CRS, colds, infectious sinusitis
Chickens,
turkeys, all ages
Egg
transmitted. Also by contact with infected birds (healthy carriers).
Coughing,
sneezing, runny nose. Stress or secondary infection increases severity.
Transmitted slowly through flock.
P-Don’t
mix age groups. Get chicks or poults from MG-free birds. T-Encourage
eating. Some antibiotics help.
Ammonia
Burns
All
birds
Ammonia
gases created in damp litter.
Lopsided
shape of eyes, watery eyes, facial swelling, may become blind
P-Keep
litter clean & dry. T-remove wet litter & feed Vitamin A.
Aspergillosis
(brooder pneumonia)
Chicks,
poults
Birds
inhale spores from moldy feed, litter, dust.
Gasping,
loss of appetite, increased thirst.
P-Avoid
sources of mold. Control dust. T-Clean, disinfect. Change litter.
Blackhead Turkeys Transmitted
by eating contaminated substances or direct contact with infected birds
or droppings.
Darkening
of head, loss of appetite, droopiness, sulfur-colored droppings.
P-Keep
turkeys away from chickens. T-Hepzide, Enhaptin, Emytryl-follow vet
& label recommendations.
Blue
Comb
Turkeys Transmitted
by eating contaminated substances or direct contact with infected birds
or droppings.
Weight
loss, constant chirping, bluish colored head.
P-Get
rid of birds, disinfect & leave empty for a time. T-Raise temperature
in building, use antibiotics & vitamins.
Breast
Blisters
All
birds, more common in heavier breeds.
Sharp
edges of feeder or waterers.
A
blister on the breast contains clear or bloody fluids.
T-Drain
with a sterile needle and rinse with Potassium.
Broodiness Turkeys,
chickens
Hen
wants to hatch something.
Hens
sitting in nests, returns to nest after being chased off.
P-Remove
egg from nest, provide roosts for fowl. T-Change hen to different pen.
Remove eggs, remove hens from nest or let her hatch something.
Infectious
Bronchitis
Chickens Virus.
Airborne from infected flocks.
Rapid
onset. Sneezing, coughing, watery eyes. Flock symptoms may last 10-14
days. Production drops, small or soft-shelled eggs.
P-Vaccinate
before lay if an important problem in your flock. T-None. Permanent
problem.
Botulism All
birds
Toxic
birds eat decaying animal or vegetable material. Toxin is soluble so
can be in water or maggots.
Extreme
weakness. Paralysis of legs, wings, neck. Bird cannot swallow. Feathers
easily removed. Head hangs, swollen wattles, difficult breathing, dark
head & wattles.
P-Clean
yards. Don’t use spoiled food. T-Place bird in shade. Fill crop with
water twice daily. Give Epsom salts (1 lb. to 5 gal. water) into crop.
Remove dead animals.
Bumble
foot
All
birds
Cuts
or bruises on foot pad allow entrance of organisms.
Lameness,
swollen foot, scab on foot pad.
P-Avoid
high roosts, sharp litter. T-Open abscess with sharp knife, remove pus,
paint with iodine or sulfa ointment.
Cannibalism All
birds
Bright
colors, too crowded, too hot, not enough feeders or waterers, lack of
entertainment.
Picking
at one another.
P-Provide
enough room, food, water, possibly entertainment for birds.
Fowl
Cholera
Most
birds
Contact
with feces of sick birds, carcasses of dead birds. Rodents, contaminated
soil, water, feed.
Birds
may die before there are visible symptoms. Dead on roost, yellow-green
diarrhea.
P-Clean
ground, good management. Eliminate rodents, predators. Medications,
use clear antibiotics for layers. Complete clean out.
Coccidiosis Chickens,
turkeys, one of most prevalent diseases worldwide.
Eating
droppings containing infective parasites. Coccidian invade intestinal
tract lining, produce tissue damage while multiplying.
Possible
high mortality. Pale, droopy, huddle, use less feed, water. Production
drops. Bloody droppings.
Use
preventive drugs (coccidiostats). Screen droppings from birds. In acute
outbreak give recommended drugs in water according to directions. May
try (1/4 c. vinegar to each gal. water).
Infectious
Coryza
Chickens
only
Recovered
apparently healthy birds remain carriers. Contact at poultry shows.
Sick birds. Dust or water contaminated by discharge.
Rapid
onset. Swollen sinuses, nasal discharge, eyelid may stick shut, drop
in feed consumption & egg production.
P-Don’t
mix age groups. T-Antibiotics or sulfa drugs effective in some cases.
Use as cleared by vet.
Enteritis
(diarrhea)
All
birds
Many
causes, most unknown. High salt in feed. Droppings in infected birds.
Watery,
discolored droppings. Layers may drop in production.
P-Sanitation
& good ration. T-Get specific diagnosis. Antibiotics. Avoid metal
waterers.
Hemorrhagic
Enteritis
Turkeys Virus-Spread
from eating infected feed, water, litter & droppings. Change in
weather or feed.
Sudden
death & blood from vent.
P-Disinfect
hands & boots when tending sick birds. T-No antibiotics.
Influenza Geese-possibly
ducks
Bacteria-Passed
on by infected birds.
Coughing,
sneezing, nasal discharge, death
P-Clean
& disinfect pens. T-Sulfademetharine
Joint
& Respiratory Disease
Chicks
4-12 weeks
Egg
transmittable direct contact through air, equipment & people.
Lameness,
loss of weight, green droppings, breast blisters, limping, affects respiratory.
T-Need
not treat CRS, will butcher sooner. Treat other fowl with Tetracycline
or Erythromycin.
Laryngotrachetis
(trachy, LT)
Chickens,
pheasants
Virus.
Infected birds; unwise use of vaccine, carriers; airborne; contaminated
clothes & equipment.
Rapid
spread. Coughing, sneezing, gurgling. Blood or cheesy plug in windpipe.
May be high mortality.
P-Vaccinate,
but only if a problem in your area. Do not vaccinate unnecessarily.
T-None.
Leg
Problems
All
birds
Accidents,
inadequate nutrition, lack of vitamins, slippery surface, bacteria,
virus, infections.
Swollen
joints, soft bones, twisted legs, broken bones, swollen feet, paralysis,
legs flex sideways.
PT-Determine
causes & use the proper treatment or preventive measures. Use peat
moss & wood chips, no newspaper.
Lice All
birds
Ducks
& geese if housed with chickens are likely the cause. Chew on skin;
dry skin.
Lack
of appetite, diarrhea, sleeplessness, set less, lower egg production.
P-Clean
buildings & use roost paint. T-Dust adults with Sevin.
Lymphoid
Leukosis (Big liver disease)
Chickens Virus.
Egg borne or transmitted to very young chicks from infected older birds.
Weight
loss. Green droppings, tumors, enlarged liver. Sick birds usually die.
Deformed, thickened leg bones.
P-Brood
away from older chicks. T-None.
Marek’s
Disease
(Range Paralysis)
Chickens Herpes
virus. Airborne or other contaminated skin & feather dust (dander).
Contaminated litter. Infected birds.
Gray
eye, enlarged feather follicles, paralysis of wings, legs, neck.
P-Vaccinate
day-old chicks. Buy vaccinated chicks. T-None.
Mycoplasma
Gallisepticum (MG) Also known as Infectious Sinusitis in turkeys.
Most
birds
Mycoplasma
organisms. Spread mainly by infected birds coming in contact with others.
Also spread by careless humans, contaminated equipment, and vehicles.
Symptoms
of turkeys in the upper form of the disease are watery eyes, noisy breathing,
unthriftiness, water discharge from nostrils, and swollen sinuses below
the eyes
P-isolate
infected birds. T-NA
Newcastle
Disease
Most
birds
Virus.
Contaminated equipment, shoes, clothing. Contact with infected birds.
Gasping,
coughing, nasal discharge, uncoordination, paralysis. Rapid spread,
high mortality. Adults may show only respiratory symptoms & egg
productions drop
P-Vaccination.
T-None.
Omphalitis
(Mushy Chicken disease)
Baby
chicks
Unsanitary
conditions in hatchery.
Chicks
huddle-dropping heads.
P-Make
sure hatchery is known for sanitary conditions-know where birds are
coming from.
Pasty
Rear Ends
Mostly
chickens
Lack
of activity. Stress in transporting.
Manure
sticks to the rear-end of birds.
P-Use
a scratch feed & increase activity of chickens. T-Remove manure
from rear end with mild soap.
Avian
Pox
Most
birds
Virus.
Direct contact with infected birds. Mosquitoes carry virus from wild
& other birds.
Dry
Pox; small yellow warts on wattles, comb, face. These increase in size.
Dark brown scabs form, then drop off. Wet Pox; yellow, cheesy lesions
in mouth, windpipe.
P-Vaccination
is recommended in areas of large mosquito populations. T-Swab lesion
with Lugol’s solution of iodine.
Paratyphoid Poults,
chicks
Egg
shell penetration. Eating or contact with droppings of infected carriers.
Huddling
near heat, closed eyes, drooping wings, diarrhea, pasted vent, increased
peeping sounds.
P-Egg
sanitation. Rodent & snake control. T-Drugs, antibiotics. Follow
label recommendations.
Pullorum
Disease
Chickens,

turkeys, pheasants, guineas

Egg
shell penetration. Eating or contact with droppings of infected carriers.
Pasted
vents in chicks 1 to 21 days old, sudden death or huddling, pneumonia.
P-Buy
pullorum-free chicks. T-Various drugs, antibiotics. Follow label recommendations.
Destroy birds.
Rickets Young
chickens (4wks) mostly top heavy & Cornish Rock.
Deficiency
of Vitamin D & Calcium (can’t have excess of either).
Chickens
become crippled.
T-Increase Vitamin D intake as per Vet’s instructions
Staggering Ducks Out
of water
Choking
or otherwise dizzy because of food caught in esophagus.
P-Never
let ducks run out of water. T-Always have water for ducks.
Worms All
birds. Don’t affect ducks & geese as much.
Roundworms-eggs
directly move from bird to bird through feces. Tapeworms-transmitted
by flies, etc. that contact contaminated feces.
May
cause unthriftiness & slow growth. Roundworms-3-6 inches long, pencil
lead in diameter. Tapeworms-flat ribbon-like, segmented.
P-Rotate
birds in yards or pens. Screen off areas of heavy fecal deposits. T-Various
drugs. Follow label.

4 Responses to “Poultry Health Tips – Prevention & Treatments”

  1. Jeani says:

    Thank you for this awesome collection of remedies!

  2. Pam Newsome says:

    Your tips are good but one of my chicks has a bloody bottom and her eggs have blood on her shell. I was just wondering if you have a tip or an answer for my problem . Thank you , Pam Newsome

  3. chansenAdmin says:

    If she is a young hen or pullet, that sometimes happens. If it is bad, I’d give her a warm bath, let her set in it for 20-30 minutes. It will relax her so she can expel anything bad. If that doesn’t clear her up, you might have to KY up and check her out carefully or take her to an avian vet.

  4. Jackie says:

    Hi, I have two hens (so far) that have a respiratory ailment. They are almost one year old. They are breathing heavy. No discharge of any kind from nose or mouth. Won’t eat or drink. They close their eyes and concentrate on breathing. One hen died this morning. One is almost dead. Poop is grayish or greenie. Symptoms don’t quite match ailments above. I have been giving colloidal silver, VetRX, chick boost, vitamin C powder. They are isolated from pastured flock. I will move roosting pens in the morning. Any ideas? Thank you.

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